REFEREE GESTURES

The focused mind can pierce through stone. Japanese maxim

Home   Judge's flags signals  WKF rules

OTAGAI-NI-REI

The referee motions to the contestants to bow to each other.

SHOBU HAJIME

 “Start the Match”

 After the announcement, the referee takes a step back.

TSUZUKETE HAJIME

  “Resume fighting—Begin”

As he says “TSUZUKETE”, and standing in a forward stance, the referee extends his arms outward with his palms facing the contestants. As he says “Hajime” he turns the palms and brings them rapidly towards one another at the same time stepping back.

YAME

“Stop”

Interruption or end of combat. When he announces "YAME, the referee cut from top to bottom with the hand.

 

SCORE

AIUCHI

 “Simultaneous Scoring Techniques”

No points are awarded to competitors, the referee back fists toward each other at chest height.

SHUGO

 “Call of judges "

The referee calls the judges at the end of the match or bout: or to recommend SHIKKAKU.

TECHNICAL TOO LOW

 

The referee judges that the technique was not sufficient power, waving his hand up and down.

AKA MARKED THE FIRST

The referee judges that AKA scored the first, bringing the open right hand in left palm.

AO MARKED THE FIRST

The referee tells the judges that scored the first AO, bringing the left hand open in the right palm.

CANCEL LAST DECISION

When an award or penalty has been given in error the referee turns towards the contestant, announces “AKA” or “AO”, crosses his arms, then makes a cutting motion, palms downward, to indicate that the last decision has been cancelled.

TECHNIQUE BLOCKED OR OFF TARGET

The referee places an open hand over the other arm to indicate to the judges that the technique was blocked or hit a non-scoring area.

TECHNIQUE MISSED

The referee moves the clenched fist across the body to indicate to the judges that the technique missed or glanced off the scoring area.

INCORRECT DISTANCE

 "Too far"

The referee judges that the distance of the technique is not correct, keeping both hands, palms facing each other at a distance of approximately 30 centimeters.

RECONSIDER

The referee asks judges, after stating the reason to reconsider their views.

TORIMASEN

 “Unacceptable as a Scoring Technique”

The referee crosses his arms then makes a cutting motion, palms downward. When the referee uses this signal to the judges followed by the signal for reconsideration it means that the technique was deficient in one or more of the six scoring criteria.

YUKO

« 1 point »

The referee extends his arm to 45 degrees downward, toward the scorer. He announce, AKA or AO, the technique, YUKKO. For example, AO CHUDAN ZUKI YUKO.

 

WAZA ARI

« 2 points »

The referee extends his arm at shoulder level on the side of the scorer. He announce, AKA or AO,the technique, WAZA ARI.

IPPON

« 3 points »

The referee extends his arm upward at 45 degrees, near the scorer. He announce, AKA or AO, the technique, IPPON.

AKA NO KACHI

 "Red is the winner"

At the end of the bout, the referee extends his arm upward at 45 degrees on the side of the winner.

AO NO KACHI

 "Blue is the winner"

At the end of the bout, the referee extends his left arm to 45 degrees on the side of the winner.

HIKIWAKE

 “Draw”

When time is up and scores are equal, or no scores have been awarded the referee crosses his arms then extends them with the palms showing to the front.

CATEGORY 1 OFFENCE

EXCESSIVE CONTACT

 The referee indicates to the judges that there has been excessive contact or other category 1 offence.

 MUBOBI

 "Self Endangerment"

The referee touches his face, then turning the edge of his hand forward, it rotates in front of his face, to tell the judges that the contestant exposed himself to danger.

CATEGORY 1 OFFENCE

CHUKOKU

Warning category 1 without penalty. The referee turns in the direction of the offender and crosses his hands open side by side at chest height.

CATEGORY 1 OFFENCE

KEIKOKU

 “Ippon Penalty”

The referee indicates a category 1 or 2 offence then points with his index finger downwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender.

CATEGORY 1 OFFENCE

HANSOKU CHUI

“Nihon penalty”

The referee indicates a category 1 or 2 offence then points with his index finger horizontally in the direction of the offender.

CATEGORY 1 OFFENCE

HANSOKU

“Disqualification”

The referee indicates a category 1 or 2 offence then points with his index finger upwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender, and awards a win to the opponent.

 

CATEGORY 2 OFFENCE

JOGAI

“Exit from the competition area”

The referee indicates an exit to the judges, by pointing with the index finger to the match area boundary on the side of the offender.

AVOIDING COMBAT

The referee makes a circling motion with the down turned index finger to indicate to the judges a category 2 offence.

DANGEROUS AND UNCONTROLLED ATTACKS

The referee brings his clenched fist past the side of his head to indicate to the judges a category 2 offence.

TALKING TO OR GOADING THE OPPONENT AND DISCOURTEOUS BEHAVIOUR

The referee places his index finger to his lips to indicate to the judges a category 2 offence.

FEIGNING OR EXAGGERATING INJURY

The referee holds both hands to his face to indicate to the judges a category 2 offence.

CATEGORY 2 OFFENCE

CHUKOKU

Making the appropriate signal the referee gives a warning of a category 2 offence.

CATEGORY 2 OFFENCE

 KEIKOKU

The referee indicates a category 2 offence then points with his index finger downwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender.

CATEGORY 2 OFFENCE

 HANSOKU CHUI

The referee indicates a category 2 offence then points with his index finger horizontally in the direction of the offender.

CATEGORY 2 OFFENCE

HANSOKU

The referee indicates an absence of category 2, then point the finger at the face of the offender and announces the victory of the opponent.

SHIKKAKU

"Disqualification, leave the competition area!"

The referee points first upwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender then motions out and behind with the announcement “AKA/AO Shikkaku!” He then announces a win for the opponent.

KIKEN

« Renunciation »

The referee points with the index finger towards the renouncing contestant's line then announces a win to the opponent.

© Copyright infringement - Stop and check before you copy and paste.